Literature – Gatong Cheng Hui Wed, 23 Nov 2022 07:11:09 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Literature – Gatong Cheng Hui 32 32 Conference calls for using modern means to promote children’s literature – Journal Wed, 23 Nov 2022 02:24:24 +0000

HYDERABAD: Speakers at a conference on children’s literature stressed the need to use modern means to rid children of mobile phones, which seem to take up most of their time, and called for the creation of a children’s academy or an adabi council dedicated to the promotion of children’s literature.

They said that techniques and approaches for presenting literature in a way that grabs people’s attention have changed and that, in the case of children, animated content and cartoons could be a powerful way to attract their attention.

They were speaking at the two-day conference on Sindhi Language Children’s Literature, New Trends and Requirements at the Sind Museum here the other day.

Chairman of the Sindhi Language Authority, Dr Ishaq Samejo, said there was concern over the dwindling scale of production of children’s literature which had been hit by the price hike, heightening fears about in the future of this kind of literature.

Speakers say it’s a must to detach the younger generation from mobile phones to save most of their time

He said that this very fear prompted the authority to organize this conference. Children and their literature remain very disadvantaged sectors of society and one can easily predict what might happen to their literature under such depressing conditions, he said.

He said that people must make collective efforts to save children’s literature. The government should establish bodies to create children’s literature and not only that, but funds should also be allocated for the purchase of such books, he said.

He said people should decide that if they want to change society, they should create an interest in books and magazines in their children.

Hyderabad Commissioner Nadeeur Rehman Memon said the culture of reading has almost disappeared. Now modern means must be adopted to involve children in reading books, he said.

Dr. Adal Soomro, a famous children’s poet, said the conference was a serious step in promoting children’s literature and recalled that 25,000 copies of Gulan Jehra Baarara were sold in the first week of the month and 12,000 copies of Gul Phul used to be published but that was no longer the case.

He called for the establishment of a children’s academy or an adabi council to promote this kind of literature.

Professor Ayaz Gul said a children’s organization could play an important role in developing children’s literacy skills. Many great literary personalities were products of children’s organizations or magazines, he said.

He said that while “development” was a buzzword today, creativity had come to an end. Unless programs like this conference are held regularly or institutions are established to train children, nothing will change, he said.

Vice Chancellor of Shaheed Allah Bukhsh Soomro University, Prof. Bhai Khan Shar said Hyderabad is a citadel of cultural and social gatherings, which has always proved to be encouraging for children. Today, students showed no interest in reading while teachers remained disinterested, he said.

Professional vice-chancellor of the University of Sindh, Dr Rafiq Memon, said the children could not be confined to one place. No institution supervised the education and training of children, he lamented.

SLA secretary Shabnam Gul said the society was also responsible for the upbringing and training of children.

Posted in Dawn, November 23, 2022

How Proust’s Jewish origins shaped his work – DW – 18/11/2022 Fri, 18 Nov 2022 09:39:49 +0000

French author Marcel Proust is best known for his record-breaking book: his 4,000-page novel “In Search of Lost Time” (1913-1927) belongs to the canon of world literature.

Although not everyone may have read all seven volumes of the mammoth work, its author remains a worldwide literary star, even 100 years after his death on November 18, 1922.

In a new essay, German literary critic Andreas Isenschmid points out that one aspect of Marcel Proust’s life has long been overlooked: the author was of Jewish descent.

Born in 1871 as the son of a doctor and a French Jewess named Jeanne Weil, Proust was baptized a Catholic but was also in close contact with his mother’s Jewish faith and traditions. His mother never converted to Catholicism and only married Proust’s father in a civil ceremony, remaining faithful to the Jewish religion throughout her life.

Author Andreas Isenschmid standing outside wearing a blue turtleneck sweater
Andreas Isenschmid also published a biography of Proust in 2017Image: Paula Winkler

This marked Marcel Proust. As Isenschmid points out in his new book “Der Elefant im Raum – Proust und das Jüdische” (The Elephant in the Room – Proust and Jewishness), being Jewish was not just a minor issue for Proust, but shaped his life and his writing – especially his most famous work.

Anti-Semitism in France: the Dreyfus Affair

Marcel Proust began exploring his Jewish identity during the Dreyfus Affair, which he witnessed firsthand in Paris at the age of 23, when French Jewish officer Alfred Dreyfus was accused of treason in 1894. Although Dreyfus is innocent, he was sentenced to life. imprisonment.

It was a real legal scandal that quickly turned into a political and cultural crisis. The public and the press spread hateful and highly racist anti-Semitic views, writes Isenschmid in his book.

“Dreyfus, like Judas and all the Jews, was a traitor who had delivered France to the hereditary enemy Germany”, summarizes Isenschmid in the air of time. “In general, all the Jews were foreigners who did not correspond to France. They were seen as exploiting the French; the feeling was that it was better to send them back to Jerusalem.”

book cover of
In his essay “The Elephant in the Room”, Isenschmid explores Proust’s ambivalent relationship with his Jewish identity

Proust defends Dreyfus

In this overheated atmosphere, Marcel Proust campaigned for the rehabilitation of Alfred Dreyfus as a “Dreyfusard” alongside the Zionist Theodor Herzl and the writer and journalist Emile Zola.

Emile Zola wrote an open letter to French President Félix Faure in 1898, titled “J’accuse!” (English: “J’accuse!”), in which he accuses the French judiciary, press and army of blatant anti-Semitism. One of the approximately 3,000 signatories to the letter was Marcel Proust. Even today, the expression “J’accuse!” is common in German for an act of civil courage or political vigilance.

The letter deepened social divisions, pitting a progressive camp against a right-wing nationalist camp. Zola was sued for libel and only escaped jail time by fleeing to London. Marcel Proust attended his trial and defended his friend on several occasions.

During this period, Proust also wrote a novel dealing with the Dreyfus Affair and Jewish assimilation. The book was never finished or published, but Isenschmid is convinced that it served as preparatory work for “In Search of Lost Time”.

The commitment of Zola, Proust and the many “Dreyfusards” led to the belated rehabilitation of Dreyfus in 1906 after the leftist and liberal political parties came to power in 1902.

It is true that Proust preferred to refer to the legal scandal in public statements, and not to the fact that Alfred Dreyfus was Jewish. But he himself was suddenly targeted as a Jew, Andreas Isenschmid told Deutschlandfunk radio:

Marcel Proust in a black and white photograph
Marcel Proust posing, probably in the year 1910Image: Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Perhaps that is why “In Search of Lost Time” has two Jewish heroes. Isenschmid sees it as an all-Jewish book that focuses not only on the importance of memory, a crucial element of Jewish culture, but also on Jewish heroes and anti-Semitism in France in the 19th century.

Would Marcel Proust have agreed?

One hundred years after his death, Isenschmid asks precisely this question in “The Elephant in the Room” – and concludes his essay with a reference to a letter which has unfortunately been lost to literary history. In this document, Marcel Proust would have one day written to his friend Emmanuel Berl: “Everyone has forgotten that I am a Jew. Not me.

This article was originally written in German.

Sahitya Aaj Tak Literature Festival returns to Delhi in November Tue, 15 Nov 2022 10:33:04 +0000

The 5th edition of the festival will be held at Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium in New Delhi on November 18, 19 and 20.

Aaj Tak, one of India’s most watched Hindi news channels, is reintroducing its popular literary program, Sahitya Aaj Tak. After a three-year hiatus due to Corona, the 5th edition of the show will be held at Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium in New Delhi on November 18, 19 and 20.

Sahitya Aaj Tak is a one-of-a-kind event that brings people together from the worlds of literature and culture. Conceptualized and designed by Aaj Tak, attendees of the three-day event can directly listen, watch and meet celebrities from the worlds of literature, art and culture with a variety of legendary talents under one roof. Admission to Sahitya Aaj Tak is free.

This unique festival linking different streams of Sahitya is one such effort of “Aaj Tak”, through which today’s youth and society can better understand and connect with the world of Sahitya. The program will include writers, scholars, composers, musicians, actors, columnists, business leaders, poets and theater artists whose work has left an impression on people over the years.

This year, the artists will once again come together on the same stage to share their thoughts, voices and performances with guests.

Sahitya Aaj Tak is a forum where one can challenge one’s mind with stimulating debates and engage with authors and their creations from all over India that have ignited your wanderlust. The event will also feature notable leaders and novelty and other budding conversations. The presence of movie stars will brighten up the already star-studded gathering of literary stars.

The festival will see the presence of artists like Kutle Khan, Afsana Khan, Murari Bapu, Kumar Vishwas, Waseem Barelvi, Shashi Tharoor and Manzar Bhoplai and many more. And live performances by B Praak and Asees Kaur will adorn Sahitya Aaj Tak.

Elon University / Today in Elon / Sigma Delta Pi Hispanic Honor Society Recognizes 10 Students Fri, 11 Nov 2022 21:48:38 +0000

The Sigma Delta Pi Honor Society recognizes students who excel in the study of the language, literature, and culture of the Spanish-speaking world.

Ten students were inducted into the Sigma Delta Pi Hispanic Honor Society in a ceremony held at McBride Gathering Space on Tuesday, November 8.

The Sigma Delta Pi Honor Society recognizes students who excel in the study of the language, literature, and culture of the Spanish-speaking world that promote understanding, appreciation, and respect for the peoples, cultures, and societies of the world Spanish-speaking; and honors those who have promoted and strengthened a better understanding of the contributions of the Spanish-speaking world.

The motto of the honor society – Spanías Didagéi Proágomen – means “to continue under the inspiration of the Spanish language”.

The ceremony was led by Spanish teacher Ricardo Mendoza and students Elon Alexandra Borda ’23 and Mahogany Madden-Roberts ’22. The induction ceremony included words of encouragement from Cameron Wilson ’20, who has lived and worked in Argentina and Spain and is now located in Atlanta, Georgia, as he shared how he uses Spanish in his life to make a difference. There was live music from Professor Jorge Mendoza, originally from Colombia.

Finally, faculty members Elena Schoonmaker-Gates, Mayte de Lama, Ketevan Kupatadze, Mina García, Nina Namaste, Federico Pous, Pablo Celis-Castillo and Ricardo Mendoza participated in the ceremony and shared the latest tips.

Congratulations to the new Sigma Delta Pi inductees:

  • Emily Alps
  • Lucy Anne Hewitt
  • Olivia Christina Holtsclaw
  • Julia Laporte
  • Matthew Thomas Newberry
  • Eliane Olivier
  • Elissa Marie Rizzo
  • SonaliElena Schroder
  • Leah Marie Schwarz
  • Anna Sophia Maria Teresa Steinki

To join Sigma Delta Pi, students must have completed three years of college-level Spanish (18 semester credit hours) or equivalent, including at least three semester hours of a course in Hispanic Literature or Hispanic Culture and Civilization at the junior level (third year).

Tata Literature live! The 13th edition of Mumbai LitFest starts on Wednesday, November 9, 2022 Tue, 08 Nov 2022 14:47:19 +0000
Tata Literature live!


Tata Literature live! The Mumbai LitFest – the most anticipated literary festival of the year is here! During the pandemic, the Festival attracted a strong online audience (8.5 million views in 2021). To meet this expectation, the Festival will adopt a hybrid format with exciting sessions taking place both online (9e & tene November) and in the field (11e at 13e November).

The five-day program begins on Wednesday 9e November to Sunday 13e November 2022 with a selection of international and national writers. Authors will take part in a host of conversations, workshops, debates, panel discussions, live discussions, and more. The festival will host more than 70 sessions.

To find out more about Tata Literature Live!, visit the Festival website, YouTube, Facebook, Instagram and Twitter.

Date Time Session Details Venue
November 09, 2022 7:00 p.m. – 7:45 p.m. IST South Africa, my muse Exploration of the fractures of a post-apartheid society. 2021 Booker Prize winner Damon Galgut in conversation with Salil Tripathi. Youtube, Facebook, Instagram and Twitter
November 09, 2022 8:00 p.m. – 8:45 p.m. IST Sustained appetite Stopping climate change one meal at a time. George Monbiot in conversation with Bahar Dutt. Youtube, Facebook, Instagram and Twitter
November 09, 2022 9:00 p.m. – 9:45 p.m. IST Truth or Dare The future of investigative journalism. John Pilger in conversation with Geeta Seshu. Youtube, Facebook, Instagram and Twitter

Esme is good at sewing at the Farsley Literature Festival Thu, 03 Nov 2022 14:36:56 +0000

As a lover of everything Farsley and a fan of The Great British Sewing Bee, I was thrilled when the show picked up some southern sticks and headed north to Sunnybank Mills, where we know one thing or two on textiles, fashion and couture, writes Anne Akers.

I love seeing the opening credits showing our fabulous city and surroundings, Yorkshire is so beautiful! But it made me even more thrilled to see that Esme Young, one of the show’s presenters, was set to headline Farsley’s first-ever literature festival, Ink Slingers.

The evening with Esme at the Old Woolen to discuss her book Behind the Seams, which immediately sold out with festival co-organizer and owner of Truman Books Amanda Truman quickly arranging a book signing at the new sewing school in the factories to help meet the request. Esme has managed to take the time to sign books to visit the mills and inspect the archives, which are regularly open to the public.

– Advertising –

I bought tickets early for my friend Ruth and me. She’s an amazing seamstress, always doing something lovely. I’m a casual sewer, so not in the same league, but I knew I was with sewing stars when we sat down at a table with two former Sewing Bee contestants, all wearing great outfits. Esme would be very proud.

Of course, Esme is more than co-presenter of the program (with the Paddy Alumni Scholarship from the University of Leeds). During the evening, she shared stories and anecdotes about her Swinging Sixties era, then later casually dropping names such as David Bowie, the Sex Pistols, Renee Zellweger when she was Bridget Jones and Leonardo DiCaprio, yes, she dressed them all! She is also co-founder of Swankey Modes, a design collective and the mastermind behind the amorphous dress, Linda Kozlowski’s first work in the 1986 film Crocodile Dundee which featured in the last Sewing Bee. The dress itself is now part of the V&A collection.

It was a delightfully entertaining evening in good company, with the promise that more Sewing Bee stories will be told in Farsley as the series remains here in the north. There’s even a whisper we might hear from Paddy at next year’s festival. I’m already on the waiting list for tickets.

Ink Slingers lasts until November 22.

How history, literature and film have shaped our view of the vampire Mon, 31 Oct 2022 13:51:00 +0000

A common suggestion is that vampirism is very erotic. “Part of it is about lust and submission and dominance,” Frayling says. “It’s seen as sex from the neck down.”

Fenn agrees. “When it comes to our innermost and most secret desires, blood and lust are often more intertwined than we realize,” she writes. “Perhaps our love of vampires is itself some kind of evil?” A form of power play in which we as humans play the role of the outwardly reluctant submissive who is, truth be told, deeply turned on by the situation.

There is also a political element, with shades of Eastern Europe versus the West. Indeed, in Bram Stoker’s novel, it is after Count Dracula’s journey from Transylvania to England that his true evil manifests. Then there is the issue of social class. “Vampirism plays on middle-class resentment about rights and aristocrats behaving badly,” Frayling adds.

Perhaps most important of all, the vampire myth allows us to examine societal taboos that we may not always be able to discuss. “It’s about wanting a demon lover to take over; to desire undesirable things,” says Frayling. “It transposes them into this mythos in a rather enjoyable way.”

A spooky icon of the season

All of these factors help explain why there are so many vampire-centric novels, comics, movies, TV shows, plays, and even operas, ballets, and musicals. This, in turn, secured the vampire’s annual lead role on Halloween. “A lot of Halloween iconography comes from Bela Lugosi as Dracula,” says Frayling, referencing the 1931 film. “Halloween has gone Hollywood, and the vampire is a very big part of that.”

Adele wants to go to college and get a degree in English Literature Fri, 28 Oct 2022 13:56:25 +0000


LONDON — Superstar singer Adele plans to trade the stage for studies, she told fans at an intimate event in Los Angeles this week.

The “Hello” singer marked the release of a new music video for her song “I Drink Wine,” which sees her floating in a dreamlike river as a tribute to Hamlet’s Ophelia, enjoying and then refusing the drink, as she sings a typically self-reflective ballad.

“I really want to get a degree in English Literature,” Adele, 34, said at the fan event earlier this week. “I would have liked to go to university, I would have liked to have had this experience.”

Adele said she plans to take a course in 2025 after completing a Las Vegas residency at the Colosseum at Caesars Palace, which begins in November.

In January, she shocked fans by postponing her residency just 24 hours before opening night, declaring in a tearful video that her show wasn’t ready, citing delivery delays and covid. She later said she faced a ‘backlash’ from the public as a result and was ‘devastated’ by guilt, saying she was ‘a shell of a person’ within months who followed.

Adele says ‘brutal’ backlash followed cancellation of Las Vegas residency

Adele has previously opened up about her love of English literature.

Last year, on a TV special, she told British actress Emma Thompson that her teacher, ‘Mrs McDonald’, had inspired her to love the subject and was ‘so cool, so engaging, she really made us love it.”

Moments later, McDonald appeared in the crowd and joined her on stage. The Cockney-sounding singer broke down in tears after being reunited, in a widely shared emotional clip.

“I’m so proud of you,” the professor said kissing her.

“You really changed my life. Mom, can you believe it? Adele responds.

She told fans in Los Angeles this week that McDonald’s made her “fall in love with books”, adding, “If I hadn’t been successful in my singing, I think I would definitely be a teacher.”

Last year, Adele released her album ’30’, hailed as emotionally honest with soulful melodies, which went on to break sales records. In the album, she reflects on her divorce from British charity executive Simon Konecki, with whom she has a son, Angelo. She is now in a relationship with American sports agent Rich Paul.

In September, the singer won an Emmy Award, one step closer to rare American entertainment “EGOT” status – having already won a Grammy and an Oscar, she now only needs a Tony.

Adele won’t be the first star to return to school after finding fame again, with fellow Brit Emma Watson graduating with a degree in English Literature from Brown University in 2014 following her success in the Harry Potter film. Other actors such as Natalie Portman and America Ferrera also returned to school as celebrities, as did basketball stars Shaquille O’Neal and Stephen Curry.

On ‘Midnights’, Taylor Swift looks wide awake

Growing up, Adele attended the BRIT School in London, a free performing and creative arts school which has alumni including singers Amy Winehouse, Leona Lewis and Jessie J.

The singer added during her Q&A session with fans that while she wouldn’t use her degree to find a job, she is already using her “passion” for English literature to write lyrics and tell stories in his music.

Adele, however, won’t be sitting in a classroom anytime soon. “I won’t go to college, I’ll do it online and with a tutor, but that’s my plan for 2025,” she said. “It’s just to get the qualifications.”

Jennifer Hassan and Helier Cheung contributed to this report.

]]> Worldliness, Mystery, and Magic in Japanese Literature Tue, 25 Oct 2022 14:35:32 +0000

Literary workshop at Argo Bookstore offers insight into Japanese culture

Argo Bookshop guides neophytes into the world of Japanese writers Courtesy AE Prevost

Floating cherry blossom petals. Snowy mountains. Sumptuous and futuristic cities. Samurai.

These are some of the images often invoked by people who talk about Japan, this distant land that exists somewhere between mystery and myth in the Western imagination. Avid Japanophiles might attribute the popularity of some of these depictions to manga, the Japanese graphic novel, and one of the country’s greatest cultural exports. In other literary circles, Murasaki Shikibu, Kazuo Ishiguro, and Haruki Murakami may be some of the names that resonate with more familiarity. Yet, even though Japanese aesthetics are clearly fashionable in Hollywood, much of the country’s literature remains locked up, unknown, and inaccessible to Western amateurs and scholars.

Cultural initiatives such as Argo Bookstore’s annual Japanese literature event can help demystify some of this experience. Held on October 20, the workshop program spanned from the dawn of imperial court poetry, haiku, prose and theatrical trends through the centuries, to beloved traditional Japanese authors. , offering a promising glimpse into a literary tradition that is historically rich but often overlooked by Western audiences for its linguistic and thematic complexities.

Moti Lieberman, the event host and avid expert on Japanese literature, pointed to the distinct narrative structure of Japanese stories as a possible reason for this division.

“We have a book club in Japan, and people are often unhappy with the endings because they don’t wrap up the way they expect,” he said. A returning expat who is fluent in the language, he thinks many readers are used to a Western-Christian tradition of storytelling, which generally favors strong-willed conclusions. “Western books will make someone have an epiphany, and then maybe the good guys will be saved. Japanese storytelling doesn’t have that. Stories can end abruptly and are more open.

The unusual structure and emphasis on aesthetics, minute detail and piece-by-piece pacing in some novels frustrate new readers, Lieberman said. “It’s something you have to develop a taste for.”

The lack of available translators also means Western audiences only receive a small selection of texts published in a language they can read, he explained. And those are usually just the ones that have won literary awards or sold well. According to him, this distorts the perception of Japanese literature for many people, who will conceive of it as being exclusively noble and focused on the abstract.

Although abstract ideals are indeed present in classic books, “there is also a lot of science fiction, mystery and romance. All of that exists in Japanese literature as well,” he said. Manga and light novels are prevalent in all genres and can be a first gateway to learning about Japanese customs.

Lieberman added that the simple kanji characters and annotations in these works are a valuable resource for language learners. “The media is just different [from literary pieces]. Giving people the opportunity to engage is important if they are curious. And hopefully that curiosity, once piqued, will lead them down the book aisle.

Aidan Olley, a recent Asian studies and history graduate from the University of British Columbia, considers himself one such person. Attending the workshop in Argo was an opportunity to learn something new about a country he hopes to work in, he said.

“Literature has been a blind spot in my studies of Japan,” Olley said. “I read a few authors for the class – we did The Tale of Genji and some Matsuo basho poems, but I want to see this [else] I disappeared.

Olley credits discovering manga as a teenager in part to his growing curiosity about Japan. One of his favorite works, Mushishi, is a supernatural medieval adventure set in various locations across the country, he said. The vivid locations, intricate imagery and artistic style of the critically acclaimed work left a deep impression on him.

Speakers from the Japan Exchange and Teaching program in Canada took part in the workshop, encouraging bold participants to embark on an adventure of working abroad. The JET initiative, funded by the Japanese government to promote cultural ties between the country and other nations, offers university graduates the opportunity to teach English in Japan while immersing themselves in the language and culture.

Steve Busby, JET alumnus and ambassador, says his experience living in Japan has enriched his view of the world. “It’s fascinating in every way, and yet there’s so much that I can’t relate to, as a man and coming from Canada,” he said.

He added that the country and its cultural heritage offers a lot to those who want to scratch the surface. “This [feels] cliche, but I think Japan is like an iceberg. From our limited vantage point here, we can only experience the tip of something so deep, vast and beautiful.

For those looking for a taste of something sublime, the Argo recommends Makioka Sisters, snow country Where Honey Sputnik as excellent introductions to the world of Japanese words.

High-ranking students honored at Sarah and James Bowdoin Day ceremony Fri, 21 Oct 2022 21:55:56 +0000

Dylan Richmond’24

Richmond’s speech was titled “Liberal Arts and Allied Hearts: The Power of Interdisciplinarity”, in which he spoke of embracing the liberal arts and coming to terms with the idea that even as a student of English and dancehe would still have to take math lessons. “But class after class, semester after year, I realized that the true nature of liberal arts is actually really cool,” Richmond said. “Not only does a diverse education open us up to academic growth and excellence, it reveals just as much, if not more, about the world beyond.”

Richmond, who is a Mellon Mays undergraduate scholar, recalled a startling discovery in one of his dance classes: he learned that the dance form known as “contact improvisation” was inspired by laws of physics. “No, really,” he said. “Creators Steve Paxton and Nancy Stark Smith studied Newton’s third law of gravity and momentum to master their technique. I thought I had chosen the major furthest from math, but there I was, embracing the liberal arts experience. This, he explained, led him to realize that “collaboration is everywhere, and the further apart the discipline, the further the union takes us”.

He went on to say, “What we learn is what we are. And that is to say, to have interdisciplinary academic activities is to live an interdisciplinary life. This, he added, “makes us both better students and better people.”

Ceremonial music was provided by Brian Liu ’25 on piano, who opened the proceedings with Frédéric Chopin’s “Andante Spianato” ((1810–1849). After the alma mater’s song, “Raise Songs to Bowdoin”, Liu performed the music recession, the “Grande Polonaise Brillante”, also by Chopin.

Bowdoin began recognizing James Bowdoin Scholars in 1941 to honor undergraduate students who have distinguished themselves through excellence in scholarship and to commemorate the Honorable James Bowdoin III (1752–1811), the College’s first patron. James Bowdoin III – who requested that the institution be named after his father – was a farmer, art and book collector and diplomat who served as Minister Plenipotentiary to Thomas Jefferson in Spain.

By faculty vote in 1997, this memorial day and scholarly honor was amended to recognize both Sarah and James Bowdoin, who were married from 1780 until his death in 1811. Like her husband, Sarah Bowdoin did many gifts to the College, including most of the Bowdoin Family Portraits, which were bequeathed to Bowdoin College on his death.