Literature – Gatong Cheng Hui http://gatongchenghui.com/ Wed, 18 May 2022 13:27:22 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://gatongchenghui.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/cropped-icon-32x32.png Literature – Gatong Cheng Hui http://gatongchenghui.com/ 32 32 Notice to students: read the big names in Northern Irish literature. Then watch Derry Girls | Caroline Magennis https://gatongchenghui.com/notice-to-students-read-the-big-names-in-northern-irish-literature-then-watch-derry-girls-caroline-magennis/ Wed, 18 May 2022 12:09:00 +0000 https://gatongchenghui.com/notice-to-students-read-the-big-names-in-northern-irish-literature-then-watch-derry-girls-caroline-magennis/

I teach a module on Northern Irish literature called Alternative Ulster, which covers all the texts you would expect, from the poetry of Seamus Heaney, Medbh McGuckian and Ciaran Carson and the fiction of Bernard MacLaverty to more recent writings such as the anthology Queering the Green by Paul Maddern and short fiction by Lucy Caldwell. But in recent years – first just as a treat at the end of class – we’ve also started talking about the Derry Girls.

It soon became apparent that this was the most powerful way to discuss the ideas I had wanted to convey throughout the semester. My students come from a variety of backgrounds, but Derry Girls is an absolute hit for all of them. Especially at a time when Anglo-Irish relations are in the forefront of the news, it allows us to talk about other important things: joy, resilience, 90s music and how Manchester feels a bit like Derry.

The show’s final episode may air tonight, but it will remain a cultural touchstone in my life: a gif of Sister Michael rolling her eyes is among my most used; a recent wardrobe crisis prompted a friend to send me a photo of these three men in identical baby blue Dunnes suits; another sent me a congratulatory card featuring Michelle and one of her typically explicit exclamations.

I grew up at Portadown, County Armagh. I’m a few years younger than the girls, but I strongly identify with their adolescence which happened alongside the peace process or, as Erin puts it, “It’s about The Troubles in a political sense, but also of my own Troubles in a personal sense”. After almost every episode, I dig up another anecdote for my long-suffering English partner (“The day after the bomb razed my hometown, my friend’s mother took us ice skating and I lost my fanny pack!”) The program is the perfect balance of broad, universal humor and just enough specific references for those of us who grew up eating Tayto chips and sitting on sticky disco floors while Rock the Boat was playing.

Literature and art set in Northern Ireland have no duty to provide education about the history of the Troubles – it is an unfair expectation placed on writers and artists, many of whom want to write what they know, but don’t necessarily do it. want to be didactic with their creativity. In the best examples it looks organic – they are not only on Troubles. It’s more about the fullness of lives lived, songs sung, sambucas burned. Often when people “over here” hear your accent, they politely sidestep the subject, imagining they’re one word away from having to hear a full historical monologue. But Lisa McGee, the writer of Derry Girls, allowed us to be shown in all of our silly, messy, funny glory – living while living.

My PhD student, who took the Alternative Ulster course, has a brilliant chapter in her thesis on “the little English guy”; and I have a series of undergraduate essays waiting to be graded on the use of humor in times of violence, adolescents during the Troubles, taboo representations of sexuality and the role of pop music during conflicts. One week we’re covering punk and the Stiff Little Fingers song Suspect Device, the next Michelle says of a soldier, “But do you think if I told him I had an incendiary device in my pants, he take a look? ”

Last week, I showed my students the scene in which McGee interweaves the news of a fatal bombing with Orla’s dance routine to Like a Prayer. Like me, they were undone by Grandpa Joe’s hand on Gerry’s shoulder as they silently watched television. It’s those little moments they can relate to — seeing a taciturn older parent show emotion or being devastated at a school dance. This final season offered subtle commentary on everything from police politics and unequal opportunity to rich genre and storytelling experiences. The politics is there, but it’s not the driving force of the story. My students are unfailingly curious and respectful of the conflict and my own background, and Derry Girls allows us to combine all of that with a good laugh.

For those of us who have lived through the Troubles or are still struggling with the complicated legacy of the conflict, Derry Girls presents something that many of us recognize – this combination of light and dark. This is just one of many writings that tell the story of the conflict – and there is so much good writing coming out right now, from Jan Carson, Olivia Fitzsimons, Louise Kennedy, Bernie McGill, Mícheál McCann and others. , Gail McConnell, Michael Nolan and Stephen Sexton, not to mention Anna Burns’ Booker Milkman Prize winner.

But alongside the North’s rich literary output, Derry Girls injects a kind of savagery to which my students responded with unbridled enthusiasm. Suddenly, they could clearly imagine themselves, with all their hobbies and aspirations, living their lives despite the hum of chaos around them.

And I could find a way to tell them the things about themselves that I needed to convey but couldn’t. Yes it was violent, yes it was scary, but we danced, we laughed, we were stupid and excited and often I cared more about my hair and my wardrobe than politics. Derry Girls made us feel like teenagers again. After all, as Michelle reminds us, “Being a Derry Girl is a fucking state of mind!

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Where is Waldo of eternal damnation https://gatongchenghui.com/where-is-waldo-of-eternal-damnation/ Mon, 16 May 2022 11:08:14 +0000 https://gatongchenghui.com/where-is-waldo-of-eternal-damnation/

Where is Waldo of eternal damnation


Hell’s Butt Song

One section of Hieronymus Bosch’s massive triptych, The Garden of Earthly Delights, depicts a hellish chorus singing a song painted on the buttocks of a sinner. -io9

i.

Of course Jesus is there in the garden already looking into the distance at what comes next while he holds, not your hand, but the wrist above, & you look down, trying not to display your boredom, how you’re already tired of the man who sits on his ass all day waiting for the cat to bring him a creature from the pond dreck to roast & eat. He’s looking right at Jesus while you must avert your eyes, grow your hair long & pretend you are happy to be the last in line. You won’t last long despite your best efforts. Seeing the pond from the corner of one eye you can’t wait to muck it all up – massage your body with mud, stain your pale lips with fruit & desire.


ii.

Tips for relieving boredom: Stay naked. Eat a cherry from a bird’s mouth. Cut your hair short. Ride a peach like a boat & sleep in a clam’s shell. Let a bird go. Hug an owl & stand on your head while wearing a strawberry for a dress. Hold a fish like a baby. Poop out a bouquet. Play all day & turn your skin dark with sun & distraction. Let him touch your naked hip, dip you into the clear blue lake & swim like it will never end. 


iii.

Now there’s no sign of Jesus & his pink dress, just a city with all its excess, steel & arrows, the avocado lute & machines that don’t make sense. Be careful little eyes, be careful little ears, Jesus has given up on us. The light no longer comes from the sun & our leaders are cannibalistic fish, use our heads as coffee table books, our bodies for their animal lusts. The song you have written on your ass might be our last chance – the last thing the man strung up on the harp will hear as the knife slides between his ears. & this is our one consolation: at least the scene is intriguing this time. Of the usual smooth grass, the perfectly curved neck of the giraffe & Adam’s shapely rib & thigh there’s no sign. This is what you wanted, finally: the chaos. Freedom. The right & the wrong all in one song.

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How the West discovered the Buddha through literature https://gatongchenghui.com/how-the-west-discovered-the-buddha-through-literature/ Sat, 14 May 2022 07:00:00 +0000 https://gatongchenghui.com/how-the-west-discovered-the-buddha-through-literature/

Buddhism is the third largest (and fastest growing) religion in Australia with around half a million adherents.

The celebration of Buddha’s birthday here (on or around May 15) has become a major cultural event, and the Buddhist doctrine of “mindfulness” has become part of mainstream culture. But how and when did the West discover the Buddha?

The facts about the Buddha’s life are opaque, but we can assume that he was born no earlier than 500 BCE and died no later than 400 BCE. He was said to be the son of an Indian king, so distressed at the sight of suffering that he spent years searching for the answer, finally attaining enlightenment as he sat under a bodhi (fig tree sacred).

The Buddha’s family name was Gotama (in Pali) or Gautama (in Sanskrit). Although he does not appear in early traditions, his personal name was later said to be Siddhartha, meaning “one who has achieved his goal”. (This name was modernized by later believers.)

According to Buddhist tradition, the Buddha spent 45 years teaching the path to enlightenment, gathering followers and establishing the Buddhist monastic community. According to legend, when he died at the age of 80, he entered Nirvana.

In India, in the 3rd century BCE, Emperor Ashoka first promoted Buddhism. From then on, it spread south, flourishing in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia, then through Central Asia, including Tibet, and as far as China, in Korea and Japan. Ironically, the appeal of Buddhism waned in India over the following centuries. It was virtually extinct there by the 13th century.

During that same century, the Venetian merchant Marco Polo gave the West its first account of the life of Buddha. Between 1292 and 1295, returning from China, Marco Polo arrived in Sri Lanka. There he heard the life story of Sergamoni Borcan who we now know as the Buddha.

Marco wrote about Sergamoni Borcan, a name he had heard at the court of Kublai Khan, in his book The description of the world. It was the Mongolian name of the Buddha: Sergamoni for Shakyamuni – the sage of the Shakya clan, and Borcan for Buddha – the “divine”. (He was also known as Bhagavan – the Blessed One, or Lord.)

According to Marco, Sergamoni Borcan was the son of a great king who wished to renounce the world. The king moved Sergamoni to a palace, tempting him with the sensual delights of 30,000 maidens.

But Sergamoni was impassive in his resolve. When his father first allowed him to leave the palace, he met a dead man and a crippled old man. He returned to the palace frightened and astonished, “telling himself that he would not remain in this evil world but that he would seek the one who had made him and who was not dead.”

Sergamoni then left the palace for good and lived the abstinent life of a celibate recluse. “Certainly,” Marco said, “if he had been a Christian, he would have been a great saint with our Lord Jesus Christ.”

Jesuits and authors

Little was known about the Buddha for the next 300 years in the West. Nevertheless, from the middle of the 16th century, information accumulates, mainly thanks to the Jesuit missions in Japan and China.

By 1700, those familiar with Jesuit missions increasingly assumed that the Buddha was the common link in an array of religious practitioners they encountered.

For example, Louis le Comte (1655-1728), writing his memoirs of his travels through China on a mission inspired by the Sun King Louis XIV said: “All the Indies were poisoned by his pernicious Doctrine. Those of Siam call them Talapoins, the Tartars call them Lamas or Lama sem, the Japanese Bonzes and the Chinese Hocham.

The writings of English author Daniel Defoe (c. 1660-1731) show what the educated English reader might have known of the Buddha in the early 18th century.

In his Dictionary of all religions (1704), Defoe tells us of an idol of Fe (the Buddha) on an island near the Red Sea, supposed to represent an atheist philosopher who lived 500 years before Confucius, that is to say around 1000 before our time.

This idol was transported to China

with instructions concerning the worship rendered to him, and thus introduced a superstition which, in several things, abolished the maxims of Confucius, who always condemned atheism and idolatry.

Confusion

A quite different Buddha was to be encountered by the British in the late 1700s as they gained economic, military and political dominance in India. Initially, the British depended on their Hindu informants. They told them that the Buddha was an incarnation of their god Vishnu who had come to mislead people with false teachings.

More confusion reigned. It has often been argued in the West that there were two Buddhas – one believed by Hindus to be the ninth incarnation of Vishnu (appearing around 1000 BCE), the other (Gautama) appearing around 1000 years later.

And even more confusion. Because there was a tradition in the West since the middle of the 17th century that the Buddha came from Africa.

Well into the 19th century, depictions of the Buddha, particularly in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan, depicted with woolly hair and thick “Ethiopian lips” (as one writer put it) were thought to be evidence of his African origins.

These observers confused traditional depictions of the Buddha with his hair tightly coiled into tiny cones as a sign of his African origins.

First use of the term “Buddhism”

Two major turning points ended up settling these confusions. The first was the coining of the term “Buddhism”.

Its first use in English dates back to 1800 in a translation of a work entitled History lectures by Count Constantin de Volney. A politician and orientalist, de Volney coined the term “Buddhism” to identify the pan-Asian religion which he believed was based on a mythical figure called “Buddha”.

Only then did Buddhism begin to emerge from the range of “pagan idolatries” with which it had been identified, becoming identified as a religion, alongside Christianity, Judaism and Islam.

The second turning point was the arrival in the West of Buddhist texts. The decade of 1824 is decisive. For centuries, not a single original document of the Buddhist religion had been accessible to scholars in Europe.

But in the space of ten years, four complete Buddhist literatures have been discovered – in Sanskrit, Tibetan, Mongolian and Pali. Collections from Japan and China were to follow.

With the Buddhist texts before them, Western scholars were able to determine that Buddhism was a tradition that arose in India around 400-500 BCE.

And among these texts was the Lalitavistara (written around the 4th century CE), which contained a biography of the Buddha. For the first time, Westerners came to read an account of his life.

the Lalitavistara and other biographies depict a highly magical and enchanted world – from the Buddha’s heavenly life before his birth, from his conception via an elephant, from his mother’s transparent womb, from his miraculous powers at birth, from the many miracles that he accomplished, gods, demons and water spirits.

But within these enchanted texts remained the story of the life of the Buddha which is familiar to us. Of the Indian king Shuddhodana who, fearing that Gautama will reject the world, keeps his son safe from any spectacle of suffering. When Gautama finally leaves the palace, he encounters an old man, a sick man, and a dead man. He then decides to seek the answer to suffering.

For the Buddha, the cause of suffering lies in attachment to the things of the world. The path to freedom from it therefore lies in the rejection of attachment.

The Buddha’s path to the cessation of attachment was finally summed up in the Holy Eightfold Path – good views, good resolve, good speech, good conduct, good sustenance, good effort, good mindfulness, good meditation. The result of this path was the attainment of Nirvana when the self at the time of death escaped from rebirth and was extinguished like the flame of a candle.

This selfless Buddha, who is said to have died in the groves of trees near the Indian city of Kusinagara, was one whom the West soon came to admire. As Unitarian minister Richard Armstrong said in 1870,

his personality has endured for centuries and is as fresh and beautiful as now when exposed to European eyes, as when Siddhartha [sic] he himself took his last breath in the shade of (the forest of) Kusinagara.

History against legend

But is the Buddha of legend also the Buddha of history? That the tradition we call Buddhism was founded by an Indian sage named Gautama around the 5th century BCE is very likely.

That he preached a middle way to liberation between worldly indulgence and extreme asceticism is highly probable. That he cultivated mindfulness and meditation practices, which led to peace and serenity, is almost certain.

That said, early Buddhist traditions showed little interest in the details of the Buddha’s life. It was, after all, his teachings – the Dharma as the Buddhists call it – rather than his person that mattered.

But we can discern a growing interest in the life of the Buddha from the first century BCE through the second or third centuries CE as the Buddha passed within Buddhism from teacher to savior, from human to divine. .

It was from the first to the fifth century of our era that a number of Buddhist texts developed giving complete accounts of the life of the Buddha, from his birth (and before) to his renunciation of the world, his enlightenment, his teachings and finally until his death.

Thus, there is a long period of at least 500 to 900 years between the death of the Buddha and these biographies of him. Can we rely on these very late lives of the Buddha for accurate information about events in his life? Probably not.

Nevertheless, the legend of his life and his teachings still provide an answer to the meaning of human life for some 500 million followers in the modern world.

Philip C Almond is Emeritus Professor of History of Religious Thought at the University of Queensland.

This article first appeared on The Conversation.

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Hierarchical network analysis of co-occurring bioentities in the literature https://gatongchenghui.com/hierarchical-network-analysis-of-co-occurring-bioentities-in-the-literature/ Thu, 12 May 2022 18:51:04 +0000 https://gatongchenghui.com/hierarchical-network-analysis-of-co-occurring-bioentities-in-the-literature/

ChexMix was designed for the extraction of hierarchical and topological information related to bioentities. Therefore, ChexMix extracts the bioentities that coexist with the queried keywords in PubMed and encodes them into unique identifiers indexing their associated information. The combination of a hierarchical representation with a mapping of bioentities with identifiers at each level makes it possible to organize and cross-reference the relationships between them. For example, species resulting from keywords of interest, such as chemicals or diseases, can be represented hierarchically starting from the highest rank, “cellular organisms”, according to the phylogenetic taxonomic system of the database. NCBI taxonomy data.16. The search results are organized according to the hierarchical characteristics of each bioentity and can be displayed in graphs for hierarchical data visualization or nested lists (Fig. 1); therefore, the information may be useful for inspection of related information among keywords of interest. Here, ChexMix was applied to discover the biomedical sources of natural products that produce the bioactive compound, amentoflavone, which holds a wide range of biological activities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antiviral, and antifungal properties.22. This compound also exhibits potent antisenescent activity against skin aging induced by ultraviolet B irradiation, preventing nuclear aberrations.23; thus, it can be used for the prevention of skin aging in the cosmetics industry.

First, 319 bioentities were extracted from ChexMix using the keyword “amentoflavone” under the highest taxonomic rank, “cellular organisms” (Fig. 2). Among them, 223 species included in the clade Viridiplantae (literally “green plants”) were targeted. It was possible to verify that these species co-occurred with amentoflavone in the same study and to determine whether any plant species could produce amentoflavone (Supplementary Table S1).

Figure 2

(A) The process of recommending native Korean plants related to the query keyword using ChexMix. (B) Network obtained by entering ‘amentoflavone’ as an input keyword in ChexMix. The unique identifiers (TaxID, light green nodes) of species coexisting with the literature entry keyword are linked to their own higher taxonomic rank (genus, sky blue color). The orange nodes represent species names that only existed in the KPEB Korean Herbal Medicine List and are related to the nodes of the genus to which each species belongs. (VS) Detailed subnet under the Viburnum gender. Each node was displayed as ‘ID:name’ for TaxID and genus or species name. The networks were drawn by Gephi software (ver. 0.9.2, https://gephi.org/)30.

In order to avoid duplicate studies and find new bioactive sources, the analysis focused on related species belonging to the Viburnum genus, recovering 19 samples from different parts of eight species native to Korea that had not previously been studied on amentoflavone-related subjects (Fig. 3, Supplementary Table S2). Then, the existence of amentoflavone was evaluated in samples of these plants and quantified by HPLC. The presence of amentoflavone was confirmed by its isotopic peak at 537.4 m/z [M + H] detected by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Among them, the leaves of V. erosum contained the highest amount of amentoflavone (7.39 mg/g) compared to tamariscina selaginellawhich is the representative natural ingredient of anti-wrinkle effect and the main source of amentoflavone in cosmetic industry24. Overall, summarizing hierarchical bioentity information using ChexMix should help inspect massive and rare bioentities in databases in future investigations.

picture 3
picture 3

(A) Chemical structure of amentoflavone. (B) Chromatograms of the five samples with the highest amentoflavone content determined as described in the “Methods” section. AMEN, amentoflavone; VCL, sheets of Viburnum carlesii; VDF, fruits of V. furcatum; VDSt, sheets of V. dilated; VEL, sheets of V. erosum; VESt, rods V. erosum.

The performance of Chexmix results was quantitatively assessed based on the bioentities extracted using a set of keywords associated with the original keyword “amentoflavone”. 243 taxonomy networks were obtained using ChexMix from MeSH terms of chemicals coexisting with “amentoflavone” in the literature, and they were analyzed by basic network properties and similarity measures (Supplementary Table S3). Similarity metrics compared each of the 243 networks with the “amentoflavone” network, where the number of true positives was calculated by the number of common nodes in the two networks (Supplementary Table S3).

Moreover, ChexMix can also integrate the results of several keywords. The MeSH identifiers of the co-occurring bioentities with the keywords of interest could be used to link the results by two different queries (Fig. 4). For example, two species names, Taxus cuspidata and Podophyllum peltatum, were queried by ChexMix and generated two small arrays consisting of bioentities with MeSH identifiers extracted from PubTator. It was possible to inspect co-occurring bioentities among MeSH identifiers in the integrated network. The network of each species showed different MeSH identifier profiles and MeSH identifiers related to “cancer”, in particular “ovarian neoplasms”, co-occurred. This is consistent with the fact that paclitaxel from T. cuspidata and podophyllotoxin from P. peltatum are well-known potent anti-cancer drugs for ovarian cancer25,26,27.

Figure 4
number 4

(A) Acquired network using ‘Taxus cuspidata‘ and ‘Podophyllum peltatum‘ as input keywords in ChexMix. MeSH terms co-occurring in the literature with input keywords have been rearranged according to the MeSH tree structure hierarchy rules in the MeSH Browser (https://meshb-prev.nlm.nih.gov/treeView) . Nodes of co-occurring bioentities in both keywords are colored orange. (B) Subarray details of co-occurring bioentities in both keywords. Each node is displayed as “Tree Number: MeSH Header” for MeSH Identifiers and a MeSH Term. The networks were drawn by Gephi software (ver. 0.9.2, https://gephi.org/)30.

Here, a scenario of using ChexMix to alleviate the complex task of compiling big data by narrowing the scope of bioentities or grouping similar bioentities using the hierarchical relationships was described. First, to obtain the number of appearances of the bioentities in the literature queried by keywords of interest, ChexMix collects the PubMed and PMC literature, then retrieves the annotations in this data from PTC and converts them into unique identifiers in depending on the respective bioentity class. ChexMix allows Boolean operators (‘AND’, ‘OR’, ‘NOT’), double quotes for phrases and asterisks for truncated terms for PubMed literature search. Each bioentity extracted from ChexMix is ​​categorized into more general bioentity categories and arranged in a hierarchical structure.

When single or multiple keywords of interest are entered into ChexMix, bio-entities from all citations that have keywords are retrieved and automatically mapped into unique identifiers. The search results indicate the co-occurrence of the bioentities in the available literature, allowing them to be linked and giving the co-occurrence network. ChexMix simplifies the process by managing access to data from multiple sources and providing functions to manipulate the data structure of the network.

The analysis is mainly focused on taxonomy terms to inspect species that biologically affect physiological disorders or diseases within the network. Each taxonomy name in the search results is listed in a hierarchical form. Trivial bioentities are located in the upper ranks of the list. Other species close to the resulting taxonomic tree are expected to have similar biological effects, representing potential alternative biomedical options. ChexMix can also generate the links between taxonomic terms and MeSH identifiers, which can be found under ‘Diseases [C]’ and ‘Chemicals and Drugs [D]’, in the same literature. MeSH identifiers coexisting with a taxonomic term in the literature are expected to have a close relationship.

In Fig. 4, the intersection set of co-occurring MeSH terms with each taxonomy keyword is highlighted over the network set resulting from the union set of two networks. Networks generated from a single keyword in ChexMix can be simply reprocessed by the combination of set operations, such as union, difference and intersection with other networks. Reorganizing complex networks from single or multiple keywords provides new information or clues for bioentities in PubMed, the largest biomedical database.

In the present study, we focused on how to use ChexMix to build a taxonomic tree or co-occurrence network from multiple keywords, and analyze networks from bioentities identified by PTC. We designed ChexMix to easily adapt the various types of bioentities and integrate other existing databases as well as recently introduced state-of-the-art text mining systems.28. We hope that ChexMix will be used by other researchers to integrate other datasets, and manipulate and visualize relationships between bioentities.

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From the community | Measure I (know I can) https://gatongchenghui.com/from-the-community-measure-i-know-i-can/ Wed, 11 May 2022 03:45:22 +0000 https://gatongchenghui.com/from-the-community-measure-i-know-i-can/

Antonio Lopez is a city councilor for East Palo Alto. From 1999 to 2008, he attended Ravenswood Edison Brentwood Elementary and Ronald McNair Middle School. He is currently completing his second year of doctoral studies. in Modern Thought and Literature at Stanford.

I still remember the smell of gunpowder – not the one that once flooded our streets, but the one that filled our classrooms. The chalk-painted hands of my school’s only music teacher hovered above us. We sat “crisscrossing applesauce” on the carpet, its thin layer of shag not much of a cushion between our caboose and the floor. Tight against each other, all thirty-two, we tried to decipher the score that our teacher had just given us. A song? Tania shouted, What does this have to do with the STAR test? Marcel supports his dissent: Ayo, aren’t we supposed to do math problems or what?

But Mrs. Parker would have none of that. “Go back to the top guys, come on, we only have 40 minutes here. And don’t just say the words. Really Listen for them. Understand the meaning. Like a broken faucet, the words pour out in stutters, heaps of syllables that betray our disarray. But eventually, after endless loops of the song on the old Panasonic stereo, our voices came together in a single stream of I.

i know i can

be what i wanna be

If I work hard on it

I will be where I want to be

*

If I had to sum up my experience as a K-8 student in the Ravenswood School District, it would be this moment with Mrs. Parker at the Edison Brentwood Academy: her insistence, and the insistence of countless educators who stayed despite the low pay, that Black and brown children are only captives of our imagination. No zip code, no state guardianship or county grand jury, no a would determine our outcome in life but us.

“I Know I Can” by Nasir Jones. Throughout my career as a Ravenswood child, I have carried the words of the Queensbridge poet with me. But as inspiring as Nas’s words were and still are to me, my years in higher education and public service have made me realize that our public schools, like the cities in which they are housed, can only thrive as we invest in it. Displacement, a high cost of living and a hyper-saturation of schools in our small town have taken their toll on our neighborhood. And in 2020, citing budget cuts and a precipitous drop in enrollment, the school board closed Brentwood along with Belle Haven Elementary School.

In the upcoming ballot in June, residents of East Palo Alto and Belle Haven will consider a measure that, if passed, would provide $110 million in bonds to the Ravenswood School District. The district plans to spend the majority of these funds on upgrading Costaño Elementary School and Cesar Chavez Ravenswood Middle School. Many aging laptops have survived their temporary use. The buildings have remained largely intact since the 1950s. Beyond replacing these portable classrooms with permanent classrooms, Measure I aims to improve the efficiency and technology of elementary schools in the area.

Some would say that you should not give more to a school district that has already received measures in the past. “Antonio”, they say, “have we not given enough?” How can I respond adequately by summarizing the history of inequality in one breath? How can I convince parents, who may have attended Ravenswood themselves and had a less than memorable experience, that one measure won’t undo decades of redlining, blockbusting and white-flying, in addition to a weak tax base? We need decades of resources to repair decades of damage.

Others will be more direct in their assessments. “Why should I give to a district that has mismanaged funds in the past? The logic behind this statement seems almost biblical, arguing that children should inherit the mistakes of their predecessors. In this same logic, is our own city then ineligible for state and federal aid? Isn’t the fact that our children have been and will continue to be educated there reason enough to support Ravenswood?

To the anti-reform skeptics, I want to remind you that on the road to self-determination, even nations are wrong. We are a young city which has had less than forty years to position itself at the level of secular municipalities. As the great Bob Hoover said in an interview for dreams of a city (a documentary filmed in the late 1990s on East Palo Alto), “Unfortunately, none of us are experts in community development, city building, so we kind of learn as we go. as you go. It’s on-the-job training. »

What value is there in continuing to point fingers? Let’s join our hands. Yes, we must learn from the past, but why let it cloud the present? And that present is the fact that over the years Ravenswood management has taken countless steps to improve the quality of learning for its students. In 2008, the same year I graduated from Edison McNair Academy (now Los Robles), the district partnered with education advocates and concerned philanthropists to create the Ravenswood Education Foundation (REF ), whose private funds have improved the quality of teaching through coaching and collaborative time, enrichment in the arts, SEL support, and more. Last year alone, REF raised over $9 million for Ravenswood. Recently, REF introduced a program that matches teacher compensation viz. neighboring districts to ensure we hire the best and brightest educators. Last month, the Chavez robotics team went to the robotics world championship! And just the other day, while I was handing out Measure I literature, I had a conversation with Liliana, a freshman in Los Robles’ dual immersion program. She spoke practically better Spanish than me. And in a city where two-thirds of the population are Latino, in a state where Latinos are the largest ethnic minority, we must equip our children, regardless of background, with the skills they need to face their future.

This is a school board with skin in the game. This is a district that believes that a child should not have to travel outside of their own community to receive a good education. As school leaders, parents and other elected officials, we are all on a mission to make Ravenswood second to none.

This is not just a letter from a decision maker. This is a call letter as an alumnus, as a born and raised in East Palo Altan whose entire life was transformed due to upbringing, including my time in Ravenswood.

It is not a showcase of poverty, nor a story of well-being of a “successful” elder. It’s one of many stories across the country of school districts that, like the cities they’re in, are struggling to retain the communities they serve.

It’s a song our children sang, but our bickering voices drowned out theirs. This is a call for self-responsibility, for us to recognize that as long as we as a community depart from our institutions of learning – our public schools – they will continue to struggle.

Despite how the years have hardened me, I still sing this song alongside our children. I hope that by voting Yes on Mesure I, and thanks to your donations and your volunteer work with us, you will do so too.

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French LitFest 2022 and the city for all? exhibition held in Delhi https://gatongchenghui.com/french-litfest-2022-and-the-city-for-all-exhibition-held-in-delhi/ Mon, 09 May 2022 12:25:08 +0000 https://gatongchenghui.com/french-litfest-2022-and-the-city-for-all-exhibition-held-in-delhi/

Hello India, the French LitFest 2022 and the City for all? exhibition was recently held in Delhi at Bikaner House on May 7-8. During the exhibition, visitors took an organized walk, participated in an inauguration, participated in an open microphone session, interacted with the city for all? and participated in an Astro Night Sky Tourism session.

A summer arts and culture festival celebrates the relationship that India and France share. The festival funded by the French government and supported by the French Embassy travels to 19 cities with over 200 events.

During the French LitFest 2022, leading French authors, graphic novelists and children’s writers organized a French literary weekend filled with round tables and debates on contemporary French literature and poetry at the prestigious Maison Bikaner.

The French LitFest 2022 was inaugurated by Ms. Eva Nguyen Binh, President of the French Institute, France, and Ms. Mugdha Sinha, Secretary for Science and Technology, Government of Rajasthan, on May 7 at Bikaner House.

As part of the French LitFest 2022, French authors travel across India to meet their readers and discuss with Indian authors and publishers. People meet the authors on tour in Delhi, Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Chennai, Pondicherry, Pune, Mumbai, Jaipur, Hyderabad and Chandigarh. The authors were: Tiffany Tavernier, François-Henri Désérable, Patricia Loison, Marie Darrieussecq, Patrick Weil, Marie Desplechin, Simon Lamouret, Anaïs Depommier, Cyril Nguyen Dinh, Christine Jordis and Jul Berjeaut

LitFest began with a panel discussion around trends in contemporary French literature with three famous French authors who discussed what it means to be a woman, an author and the “wanderers” of the world.

The three authors are Christine Jordis born in Algiers, Patricia Loison in Delhi and Marie Darrieussecq in Bayonne. Three countries, three identities, one love: literature! During the round table, the three authors spoke with Arunima Mazumdar.

Interesting literary talks in bookstores have also been organized as part of the French LitFest 2022.

The Night of Cinema and Literature was held on the evening of May 8 with author and screenwriter Tiffany Tavernier.

Visitors discovered new solutions that can make public spaces more accessible to women and transgender people. They enjoyed an organized walk with artist and architect Swati Janu, an open mic session with poets as well as an Astro Night Sky sightseeing session.

Five days before the exhibition, 6 pin-up maps of Delhi were created in 6 districts of Delhi: CR Park, Sundernagari, Lajat Nagar, Janakpuri, Badarpur and Khirkee. The neighborhoods chosen are diversified to allow people from different backgrounds to take part in an activity. People were asked where they liked to go with their family and friends.

Architect and artist Swati Janu said on the city for all? project and exhibition, “Over the past week, by interacting with thousands of people in the 6 cities, we have learned which spaces are truly inclusive and open to everyone in each city. Surprisingly, these differ from city to city. to another.While Pune has its local ‘tekdis’ hills, Bangalore has its lakes as important public spaces which are unfortunately fast disappearing.Delhi is a city of monuments which are becoming the most popular for people from diverse backgrounds.India Gate is everyone’s favorite public space here in Delhi.

“However, its popularity has dropped as it is closed for construction of Central Vista. While Sukhna Lake in Chandigarh is a similar public space in Chandigarh, in Jaipur it turned out to be Amer Fort,” she added.

Transgender people explained that most beauty salons do not entertain them and shopping malls often refuse them entry because of their gender.

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The literary discussion gives the floor to former prisoners https://gatongchenghui.com/the-literary-discussion-gives-the-floor-to-former-prisoners/ Sat, 07 May 2022 20:51:00 +0000 https://gatongchenghui.com/the-literary-discussion-gives-the-floor-to-former-prisoners/

The tough-guy mentality that dominates politics today is an alarming backlash against the criminal justice and prison reform movement. It’s now fashionable for politicians to proclaim, just lock them up and bury the key.

Yet numerous studies show that incarceration is costly and ineffective. Prison hardens criminals, and most will return to society with few skills and no hope, and succumb to the evils that drove them out: poverty, violence, isolation.

“People need to understand that the vast majority of the prison population will be released at some point,” says Ken Berry, corporate social responsibility manager and voluntarily specialist at Winston & Strawnlaw.

In his past life, Berry served time for a crime he didn’t commit. He is now Chairman of the Board of Reading Between the Lines, a literature discussion program that gives voice to recently and formerly incarcerated women and men.

The nonprofit was launched in 2013 at halfway houses on Chicago’s West Side.

In group sessions, participants read and unpack great literature—poems, essays, speeches, and short stories—and share their thoughts and ideas.

Lively discussions open doors and open minds, allowing participants to “read between the lines”.

“And in the process, we’re helping them hear their voices,” Joan Shapiro said during a recent Zoom session to promote the program.

Shapiro, a former bank executive, is the founder and executive director of the reading program.

“We support them as they hear their voices, feel validated, and recognize that they have intellectual chops, that they have the ability to exchange ideas, points of different views,” she explained.

The ability to listen, express opinions and exchange ideas improves their communication skills, cultivates confidence and nurtures self-esteem.

When Arnetha Lofton was released from prison, she was skeptical and “tired of the programs,” she said in a video produced by Reading Between the Lines.

“For me, I create my own destiny. I started to like him a lot because he teaches me to communicate. But above all, use my mind,” she added. “Think.”

Participants read and discuss a repertoire of powerful works by literary giants like Maya Angelou, the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr., Franz Kafka, Gwendolyn Brooks and Langston Hughes.

Maybe for the first time.

According to a 2015 analysis by the Illinois Policy Institute, only 31% of prisoners in Illinois have graduated from high school. Another 19% have GED degrees, but that correlates with a lower annual income than high school graduates will earn, the researchers wrote.

While African Americans made up less than 15% of the state’s population, they made up nearly 60% of the prison population.

“We really have to be concerned about what kind of men and women we release back into society,” Berry said during the Zoom session. “A lot of people talk about public safety. But, you know, if you incarcerate someone for 10 or 20 years, and you know, when they have an education level of eighth grade or less, and they get out of prison the same way 10 or 20 years later, all you’ve done is warehouse that person. You’ve done them a disservice. You’ve also done our community a disservice.

This should concern all of us. “Their options will be very limited, and they could come back and victimize you, or me, or some of our loved ones.”

“We tell people that Reading between the lines will NOT guarantee you a job,” Shapiro says in the video. “But we remind them that if they really benefit from acquiring some of these basic tools and skills, they’re probably more likely to stay in that job.”

It may be the only program of its kind in the country, she said.

Reading Between the Lines serves 600 attendees a year, at four Chicago locations, four times a week, year-round. It is expected to expand.

That could be a way out and stay away. For more information, visit readingbetweenthelines.org.

Follow Laura Washington on Twitter @mediadervish

Send letters toletters@suntimes.com

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Here are 7 lesser-known facts about him https://gatongchenghui.com/here-are-7-lesser-known-facts-about-him/ Fri, 06 May 2022 04:07:25 +0000 https://gatongchenghui.com/here-are-7-lesser-known-facts-about-him/

First published May 6, 2022 at 9:37 am IST

Rabindranath Tagore is a well known poet and prolific writer whose works include poetry, short stories and plays. He was also the first Indian to win a Nobel Prize in Literature, as well as a novelist who wrote and composed a whole genre of songs.

Rabindranath Tagore is a well known poet and prolific writer whose works include poetry, short stories and plays. He was also the first Indian to win a Nobel Prize in Literature, as well as a novelist who wrote and composed a whole genre of songs. His contributions to literature, music, art and politics are outstanding.

Here are lesser known facts about Rabindranath Tagore:

1. People frequently call him Gurudev. Rabindranath Tagore’s pseudonyms include Kabiguru and Biswakabi.

2. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913 and is the only Indian to have received the award in this field. He won this coveted prize for his collection of poems titled Gitanjali.

3. Tagore used to create songs, novels, and dramas depicting ordinary people’s lives, literary criticism, philosophy, and social concerns.

4. He was knighted in 1915, but he resigned on May 31, 1919, in protest at the Jallianwalla Bagh massacre in Amritsar, Punjab.

5. On the 150th anniversary of Tagore’s birth, a bronze monument of him was unveiled in Gordon Square, London, in 2011. The inscriptions on this statue, according to Prince Charles, “will light up like a light of tolerance”.

Read also | Rabindranath Tagore Movies: 7 Tagore Stories to Watch on Hoichoi, Netflix and Hotstar

6. Rabindranath Tagore, who also wrote the national anthem, was a multifaceted individual in every way. He was one of those brilliant people ahead of his time, which is why his meeting with Albert Einstein is experienced as a conflict between science and spirituality.

7. Tagore built Visva-Bharati University in Santiniketan, West Bengal, only to challenge traditional classroom teaching techniques. Many university sessions are still held under trees in open spaces. In 1951, Visva Bharati University was designated as the central university.

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President Kovind calls for promotion and growth of Bodo language and literature https://gatongchenghui.com/president-kovind-calls-for-promotion-and-growth-of-bodo-language-and-literature/ Wed, 04 May 2022 08:04:00 +0000 https://gatongchenghui.com/president-kovind-calls-for-promotion-and-growth-of-bodo-language-and-literature/

President Ram Nath Kovind on Wednesday urged the government of Assam to make every possible effort for the promotion and growth of the Bodo language and literature.

Addressing the 61st Bodo Sahitya Sabha (BSS) Annual Conference, he said he had played an important role in ensuring that Bodo was included as a medium of instruction in schools and higher education institutions. .



Kovind also recalled former Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee’s contribution in getting Bodo included in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution in 2004.

Bodo has been declared the official state language and “the protection and promotion of a language is the responsibility of both society and government. I urge Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma to do all possible efforts in this direction,” the president said. mentioned.

He affirmed that the peace and harmony along with the development initiatives taken by the central government and the government of Assam have led to the establishment of more educational institutions in the Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR). .

Kovind arrived here on Tuesday for a three-day visit to the northeast.

(Only the title and image of this report may have been edited by Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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LGBTQ+ representation in literature – Pramukhi Vadrevu Newstead Wood https://gatongchenghui.com/lgbtq-representation-in-literature-pramukhi-vadrevu-newstead-wood/ Sat, 30 Apr 2022 17:04:00 +0000 https://gatongchenghui.com/lgbtq-representation-in-literature-pramukhi-vadrevu-newstead-wood/ The 20th century saw an increase in young adult books with LGBTQ representation, with many YA novels like The Song of Achilles and The Seven Husbands of Evelyn Hugo.

The rise of YA books featuring LGBTQ+ characters has grown tremendously in recent years as reader demand for more diversity increases. However, throughout history, LGBTQ literature has faced challenges and objections, legal restrictions, book bans, and persecution. Despite these restrictions, LGBTQ themes in literature date back to the times of ancient Greece and Rome.

Many stories from Greek and Roman mythology also reveal relationships and liaisons between same-sex and intersex characters. Contemporary scholars interpret them as the ancient world’s understanding and expression of same-sex romance as well as their tolerance of it. A famous example of this is the relationship of Patroclus and Achilles. In Homers, the Iliad, Achilles describes Patroclus as “the man whom I loved more than all the other comrades, loved like my own life”. Their love and passion are explored in Madeline Miller’s adaptation of The Iliad, The Song of Achilles, told from the perspective of Patroclus. Miller remains faithful to the events described in The Iliad while contributing his own ideas.

LGBTQ+ interpretations of Shakespeare have also been found by scholars and students. These texts provide insight into gender and sexuality in Renaissance Europe. For example, Antonio in The Merchant of Venice can be interpreted as being in love with Bassanio although this is often overlooked even today. Additionally, Mercutio in Romeo and Juliet shows his true personality through his phallic imagery and every sexual pun can be interpreted as a cry for Romeo to notice and acknowledge affection and tension.

The 19th century ushered in the next great period for LGBTQ literature, albeit less direct and more subtle. Writers like Walt Whitman, Oscar Wilde, Emily Dickinson, and Virginia Woolf have woven sly references to LGBTQ identity and relationships into many works. For example, Oscar Wilde, a gay writer, included allusions to homosexuality in works such as Dorian Gray. Moreover, Virginia Woolf, despite being married, had several affairs with women throughout her life. Her lover, Vita Sackville-West, is said to have been her inspiration for the protagonist of Orlando, which is considered a masterpiece of modernist queer fiction. These authors began to pave the way for greater LGBTQ awareness among readers.

In the 20th century, many authors like James Baldwin, Truman Capote, EM Forster, and Adrienne Rich pushed social boundaries by highlighting LGBTQ storylines. These authors often achieved critical and commercial success, marking the 20th century as a new dawn for LGBTQ literature.

At the start of the 21st century, much LGBTQ literature has reached a high level of sophistication, and many works have achieved mainstream acclaim. Not only can these stories educate and inform readers, raising awareness, but they can also give LGBTQ people understanding, representation, and comfort.

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